the root directory is the main list of quizlet

/dev/sda: Device file for the first SATA Drive (Hard Disk Drive). The /media directory contains subdirectories where removable media devices inserted into the computer are mounted. This is because some folders are hidden in Windows by default. Encryption is an effective replacement for a firewall. Enter the word "cmd" in the program prompt, as shown, and press OK. A command window should appear. Ubuntu doesnt use SELinux, so the presence of this folder on Ubuntu appears to be a bug. D. Scanned text, Speech recognition refers to a computer's ability to record and edit human speech. Both feature a graphical user interface (GUI). A. voice converter A laptop (notebook) typically includes a _______. There is /root directory as well and it works as the home directory of the root user. it assigns a location to a posted image or video. Sarla tells Jonah that most PC's use the standard drive letter _____ for the hard drive, ____ software is used by the computer for tasks that help the computer work, true or false: RAM can get full if you run several applications and large videos at the same time, true or false: Adobe Photoshop is an example of drawing software, true or false: RAM and the CPU are examples of computer resources, _____ refers to the number of bits a processor can manipulate at one time, A computer file's location is defined by a file configuration, Which of the following is NOT true about managing files, true or false: Data can be numbers, text, or images, The term _____ refers to any computer component that is required to perform work, true or false: Data in RAM is temporary storage, true or false: With a web app, much of the program code for the software runs locally on a computer, instead of running on a remote computer connected to the internet or other computer network, true or false: A worksheet is a grid of columns and rows, Most of today's processors are housed in a ____ chip package, Jerrod is evaluating different PCs before purchasing one. In fact, the Linux Foundation maintains a Filesystem Hierarchy Standard (FHS). because that is an absolute path and means "the file called program in the root . Even you can use directory to store temporary files. B. only solid-state drives Existing packages enable many use casesfor example, making network requests (http), navigation/route handling (go_router), integration with device APIs (url_launcher and battery_plus), and using third-party platform SDKs like Firebase (FlutterFire).To write a new package, see developing packages.To add assets, images, or fonts, whether stored in files or packages, see Adding assets and images. \hline \mathrm{C}_4 \mathrm{H}_8(\mathrm{~g}) & -2717 \\ Cookies that remain on your device indefinitely are called ______. This is a pseudo filesystem contains information about running process. /mnt : Temporarily mounted filesystems. Libraries needed by the binaries in the /usr/bin folder are located in /usr/lib. A computer typically connects to a router via a: In order to support file sharing, your PC must run a network operating systemYes or No. Here is a list of core WordPress files and folders that you would see in your WordPress site's root directory. Home directories for all users to store their personal files. Select all that apply. C. distributed This is a virtual filesystem with text information about system resources. Restart Select all that apply. The normal practice is to keep the software code in opt and then link the binary file in the /bin directory so that all the users can run it. The root of the Windows Registry is where hives like HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT are stored. Directory that contains temporary files created by system and users. The web.php file contains routes that the RouteServiceProvider places in the web middleware group, which provides session state, CSRF . Select all that apply. These are not actual files as we know them, but they appear as files for example, /dev/sda represents the first SATA drive in the system. A. Microsoft Windows /home : Users home directories, containing saved files, personal settings, etc. Ill be using the term Linux hereafter instead of UNIX though. sharing research 4. A. study its specifications A. order a new one right away connect with current and dormer colleagues. D. hard drive, Some software lets you choose between standard and _____ installation. Mostly admin tools. If you look at the directory structure, youll realize that it is similar to a plants root. A. feasibility Linux is a very complex system and requires an efficient way to start, stop and maintain the system. The root directory contains all other folders in the drive or folder, and can, of course, also contain files. C. plotter False. Contains configuration files required by all programs. /boot/vmlinuz : The Linux Kernel file. As you can see, executing that same command in Command Prompt moves the working directory to the folder just before/above it, all the way to the root of the hard drive. The root directory in Linux is the topmost-level directory in the file management system. /opt : Optional application software packages. It contains all of the other folders and files in the system. The /lib directory holds the libraries needed by the binaries in /bin and /sbin directories. For more detailed technical information about the Linux file system hierarchy, consult the Filesystem Hierarchy Standard documentation. C. dictionary definitions Please try again. Select all that apply. Select all that apply. How to Change Root Password in Kali Linux? B. feasibility B. Buffering Here are the top level directories in your Linux system, with a brief explanation of the purpose of each: /: The top level directory in your system. C. vertical market and horizontal market C. a 3.5mm audio jack Chris has written for. B. L1, L2 D. graphical image of a computer system, A disk utility is a tool for _____. While storing sound, a computer stores a lot of information - like amplitude and frequency - that it does not while it saves text. No, The connector on a USB flash drive allows transmission of both data and power. Navigating folders involves deleting and moving them. The tungsten filament of a light bulb has a resistance of 0.070.07 \Omega0.07. The /home directory contains a home folder for each user. true or false: The coding scheme used by a computer depends on whether the data is numeric or character data. C. responds to voice input Since all other directories or files are descended from root, the absolute path of any file is traversed through root. D. write and edit documents, B. reformat a hard disk drive Once you are at your domains control panel you can look for Website at: to see the root directory. [2], Unix abstracts the nature of this tree hierarchy entirely and in Unix and Unix-like systems the root directory is denoted by the / (slash) sign. D. stream, Things to consider when buying a new computer include _______. Don't get confused by the /root directory, by the way; that's a different 'root'. You can also think of it in general as the start or beginning of a particular folder structure. B. customization Note: In a submodule this will display the root directory of the submodule and not the parent repository. It contains special files that represent system and process information. /bin : Essential command binaries that need to be available in single-user mode; for all users, e.g., cat, ls, cp. It is represented by a forward slash ( /) and contains all files and directories in the Linux operating system. See your article appearing on the GeeksforGeeks main page and help other Geeks. The /opt directory contains subdirectories for optional software packages. B. hard disk drive B. output The C:\ drive and drive letters are gone, replaced by a / and cryptic-sounding directories, most of which have three letter names. C. HDMI Susmit Das GuptaMarch 1, 2023. These include terminal devices, usb, or any device attached to the system. This method gets the root directory information of the specified path. A. input device Furthermore, the root directory serves as the base for all other directories and files in the system. You've successfully subscribed to Linux Handbook. In Linux, corresponds to a procs mount. C. recording live music, The computer mouse was invented in the ____. 2. mindepth and maxdepth in Linux find () command for limiting . Yes Modern Linux distributions include a /run directory as a temporary filesystem (tmpfs) which stores volatile runtime data, following the FHS version 3.0. Contains server specific services related data. /usr: Contains subdirectories that will be used system-wide by all users, including binaries, libraries, man files, and other things. For example: /proc/{pid} directory contains information about the process with that particular pid. If your Linux distribution uses SELinux for security (Fedora and Red Hat, for example), the /selinux directory contains special files used by SELinux. C. Linux We select and review products independently. Delia is installing new software on her computer. A network interface card sends data between a computer and the network. /dev. 1. B. make sure it's plugged in and connected Any corrupted files found will be placed in the lost+found directory, so you can attempt to recover as much data as possible. Note that the /etc/ directory contains system-wide configuration files user-specific configuration files are located in each users home directory. C. system While storing sound, a computer stores a lot of information - like amplitude and frequency - that it does not while it saves text. How Do I Show Hidden Files and Folders in Windows. D. text synthesizer, Interference is a common problem with _____ devices. {} & \Delta H_{\mathrm{c}}^{\ominus} / \mathbf{k J m o l}^{-1} \\ How to copy a file's content from Linux terminal? An operating system uses available storage space on a startup drive for _____. A. right-click its button on the taskbar, then click Close window. B. Bluetooth How many cubic centimeters are there in a cubic meter? B. laser Historically speaking, the /mnt directory is where system administrators mounted temporary file systems while using them. Lets see the Linux directory structure in detail. 3. A. L1, L2, L3 A. macOS In the FHS, all files and directories appear under the root directory /, even if they are stored on . For example, when you insert a CD into your Linux system, a directory will automatically be created inside the /media directory. If a person rapidly drank a liter of distilled water, how would their ICF be affected? A. VGA cables Auto-suggest helps you quickly narrow down your search results by suggesting possible matches as you type. For example, if you have . D. can only recognize one point of contact, A. is a visual display Apart from .htaccess and wp-config.php files, you are not supposed to edit other files on your own. Example: /etc/resolv.conf, /etc/logrotate.conf. On many Unixes, there is also a directory named /root (pronounced "slash root"). Yes Basically everything important associated with ASCII., /dev/null is the blackhole equivalent of Linux systems. C. touchpad This FHS defines the directory structure and the content/purpose of the directories in Linux distributions. Learn more about them., Learn the history of ASCII, character encoding and the ASCII table. A computer file's location is defined by a file configuration. Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards containing terms like How are desktop and mobile operating systems similar? C. Computers save audio and visual data in the form of special characters which take up a lot more space than binary digits. Modern processors often have ____ levels of cache. C. mobile operating system The root directory is the main list of _______. The Windows 10 Snap feature lets you quickly maximize a window's height. Its similar to /proc. Just like /bin, /sbin also contains binary executables. B. Plosives 3. For example, the root directory of the main partition on your computer is probably C:\. If you scroll down toward to the bottom on the left nav, you will see a link for "files" for your site. A. emailing a large file But do note that the contains of the /tmp directories are deleted when your system restarts. C. OS virtual memory Sub-directory. If you like GeeksforGeeks and would like to contribute, you can also write an article using or mail your article to ROOT is also an acronym for ROOT's Object Oriented Technologies, but it has nothing to do with root folders. Yes The Root Directory: / The root directory / is the top-level directory, meaning everything on your Linux system is located . ), SIUE: Southern Illinois University Edwardsville. C. Bluetooth cable In Windows, the root directory is indicated by a backslash (\). Yes true. The /etc directory contains configuration files, which can generally be edited by hand in a text editor. If you log in as a root, you will be located in this directory by default. A. CPU How is this data stored in the computer? Yes This also contains startup and shutdown shell scripts used to start/stop individual programs. For storage, laptops use _____. Root apps can do things like block all ads in every app, hibernate background apps to save battery, install a custom recovery to flash ZIPs and create backups, and so much more. /srv : Site-specific data served by this system, such as data and scripts for web servers, data offered by FTP servers, and repositories for version control systems. C. consider whether a service plan or an extended warranty is necessary Sarla tells him that _____, Sarla is teaching Jonah about file management. Inside the root folder, you'll see the core WordPress files and folders. The content of the proc directory is used by a number of tools to get runtime system information. 7. a person or family as the source of offspring or descendants. A file saved in a standard file format can only be opened by the application that created it. C. registration The / directory is the parental directory for the whole system, whereas this /root directory is the same as your user home directory but it is for the root account. ____ art is a collection of graphic images, which may come with office productivity software, If you are running Windows, you can identify your computer's CPU and its specifications using _______, true or false: software uses a GUI, which allows the user to give the computer commands using menus, buttons, icons, links, and more, true or false: computer owners frequently upgrade their computer's proccesor, The operating system for a handheld device is stored in _____, The ____ is the pace the processor clock sets for executing instructions, If you are maintaining a university's student records, you would most likely use _____ software, A _____ chip package has two rows of pins that connect the chip to a circuit board, If you are running Windows, you can manage your files using _____, A _____ converts and executes one statement at a time while the program is running, true or false: A web application is designed to run from a removable storage device, such as a USB flash drive, Sounds are represented as continuous _____ sound waves, true or false: A processor's performance is affected by several factors, including processing techniques and word size, In a personal computer, _____ is the waiting room for the computer's processor, If you are balancing a checkbook, you would most likely use ____ software, In RAM, electronic parts called _____ hold the bits that represent data, true or false: Encryption utilities can scan incoming and outgoing files to be sure they are safe, Scrambling and encryption are methods used to prevent ______, Ubuntu is a ______OS installed on various types of hardware and can be installed on Macs and PC's, true or false: The chief rival to Intel in the PC chip market is AMD, The operating system installed on PCs is ______, true or false: The Mac OS X operating system is distributed under the terms of a GPL, true or false: The operating system is multitasking when more than one program is running at one time, true or false: If you work with large files, you might use a PDF utility to reduce file size for quick transmission or efficient storage, true or false: Some newer computers use flash memory chips instead of ROM for storing the startup routine and other system information, The prefix _____ is used for representing a thousand trillion, Jerrod is evaluating different PCs before purchasing one. acknowledge that you have read and understood our, Data Structure & Algorithm Classes (Live), Data Structures & Algorithms in JavaScript, Data Structure & Algorithm-Self Paced(C++/JAVA), Full Stack Development with React & Node JS(Live), Android App Development with Kotlin(Live), Python Backend Development with Django(Live), DevOps Engineering - Planning to Production, GATE CS Original Papers and Official Keys, ISRO CS Original Papers and Official Keys, ISRO CS Syllabus for Scientist/Engineer Exam, Linux Virtualization : Resource throttling using cgroups. work in web apps B. responds to physical touch Instead of being located at /home/root, its located at /root. If you cant find a system binary under /sbin, look under /usr/sbin. / (Root): Primary hierarchy root and root directory of the entire file system hierarchy. /usr/lib: Program libraries (shareable system program modules). How are desktop and mobile operating systems similar? A. Fricatives To navigate up one directory level up, use cd .. To go back to the previous directory, use cd - Let us see all examples and usage for terminal in details. Which web browser feature lets you save shortcuts to webpages? Each binary digit for music takes up a lot more space than that for text. A. installing a modem Select all that apply. You can think of the / directory as being similar to the C:\ directory on Windows but this isnt strictly true, as Linux doesnt have drive letters. By clicking Accept All Cookies, you agree to the storing of cookies on your device to enhance site navigation, analyze site usage, and assist in our marketing efforts. The /bin directory is, by default, in your PATH, meaning that any executable file in this directory can be executed just by entering the file name at the command line. C. playhead You should unplug your computer if you _____. /dev/zero: contains an infinite sequence of 0, /dev/random: contains an infinite sequence of random values, /usr/sbin contains additional commands for the administrator, /usr/share contains documentation or common to all libraries, for example /usr/share/man contains the text of the manpage. /boot. The /bin directory contains the essential user binaries (programs) that must be present when the system is mounted in single-user mode. D. website, A file saved in a standard file format can only be opened by the application that created it. /opt: Optional software that you installed. The root folder is the lowest level directory on your SD card. Your IP: Yes if you need help unhiding them. If you look at the directory structure, you'll realize that it is similar to a plant's root. Click to reveal The root directory is the first or top-most directory in a hierarchy. Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards containing terms like A computer typically connects to a router via a: A. modem B. network interface card C. repeater D. networked computer, In order to support file sharing, your PC must run a network operating system.Yes or No, Modern processors often have ____ levels of cache. A. an Internet service that provides remote data storage, A fitness tracker is an example of a(n) ______ device. The /cdrom directory isnt part of the FHS standard, but youll still find it on Ubuntu and other operating systems. Example, /srv/cvs contains CVS related data. /dev: An abstracted directory which contains all your system devices: hard drives, CD-ROMs, sound cards, and much, much more. As a user, youll put your personal files, notes, programs etc in your home directory. With our suite of science-backed study tools, you can memorize vocabulary, get familiar with key concept Select all that apply. Language links are at the top of the page across from the title. According to the FHS version 2.3, such data were stored in /var/run but this was a problem in some cases because this directory is not always available at early boot. You can also think of it in general as the start or beginning of a particular folder structure. The C:\ drive and drive letters are gone, replaced by a / and cryptic-sounding directories, most of which have three letter names. Linux is based on UNIX and hence it borrows its filesystem hierarchy from UNIX. To be successful in professional messaging, you should _____. The Linux File Hierarchy Structure or the Filesystem Hierarchy Standard (FHS) defines the directory structure and directory contents in Unix-like operating systems. D. know if your computer can connect to it, program is a set of instructions that tells a computer how to perform tasks. However, Linux file systems also contain some directories that arent yet defined by the standard. A. /media : Mount points for removable media such as CD-ROMs (appeared in FHS-2.3). Francis learns that ______ is a type of audio editing software, A ____ converts all of the statements in a program in a single batch, A _____ is a collection of data that is stored electronically as a series of records in tables. No, A router manages the flow of network traffic. In a sense, though, since it's the main folder for that specific user, you could refer to it as the root folder. Solid state hard drives are a type of _________ memory. Directories typically installed by default include /bin, /boot, /dev, /etc, /home, /initrd, /lib, /lost+found, /misc, /mnt, /opt, /proc, /root, /sbin, /tmp, /usr . You can see this for yourself using the stat, pwd and cd . Which of the following is an area of memory that holds data from one device while it is waiting to transfer to another device? B. No, Overheating caused by direct sunlight can damage the _____. For most processes this is the same as the system's actual root directory, but it can be changed by calling the .mw-parser-output .monospaced{font-family:monospace,monospace}chroot system call. Each user only has write access to their own home folder and must obtain elevated permissions (become the root user) to modify other files on the system. D. random analog management. Yes (1) Adaway (block ads). 1. By using our site, you Select all that apply. D. While storing sounds, a computer keeps some amount of memory free to be accessed and used while playing the sound. A-143, 9th Floor, Sovereign Corporate Tower, We use cookies to ensure you have the best browsing experience on our website. D. pronunciation patterns, A peripheral device communicates with your computer through a(n) ____. B. browsing the web A. Over 10,000 Linux users love this monthly newsletter. \end{array} Libraries needed by the binaries in the /usr/bin and /usr/sbin are located in the directory /usr/lib. C. Both are optimized to work with limited memory and processing power. A. runtime analog memory In a filename, the base name is the _____. It's called the root directory, because it's the root of the system: all the rest of the directory structure emanates from it like branches from the root of a tree. D. USB, Ink-jet printers use pressurized nozzles to spray ink onto paper. The main reason for this is security--if someone creates a program in their directory that has the same name as some system administration tool, and you run that tool while in their directory, they could have just tricked you into running their program. In the above shown example, we have mounted a subdirectory inside /data(which is share that the server has in its export), by keeping /data as the root directory. So, you can simply have string root = Path.GetPathRoot (fullFileName); C. improving performance \hline \mathrm{H}_2(\mathrm{~g}) & -286 \\ Understanding how to use these folders can help you better manage your files on your computer. An application programming interface (API) is ________. Each Linux file system has a lost+found directory. michael sterk wedding,

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